Officially the United Mexican States is a federal republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost two million square kilometers (over 760,000 sq mi), Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 113 million, it is the eleventh most populous and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world and the second most populous country in Latin America. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, its capital and largest city.
The Tropic of Cancer effectively divides the country into temperate and tropical zones. Land north of the twenty-fourth parallel experiences cooler temperatures during the winter months. South of the twenty-fourth parallel, temperatures are fairly constant year round and vary solely as a function of elevation. This gives Mexico one of the world's most diverse weather systems. Areas south of the 24th parallel with elevations up to 1,000 m (3,281 ft) (the southern parts of both coastal plains as well as the Yucatán Peninsula), have a yearly median temperature between 24 to 28 °C (75.2 to 82.4 °F). Temperatures here remain high throughout the year, with only a 5 °C (9 °F) difference between winter and summer median temperatures. Both Mexican coasts, except for the south coast of the Bay of Campeche and northern Baja, are also vulnerable to serious hurricanes during the summer and fall. Although low-lying areas north of the 24th parallel are hot and humid during the summer, they generally have lower yearly temperature averages (from 20 to 24 °C or 68.0 to 75.2 °F) because of more moderate conditions during the winter. Many large cities in Mexico are located in the Valley of Mexico or in adjacent valleys with altitudes generally above 2,000 m (6,562 ft). This gives them a year-round temperate climate with yearly temperature averages (from 16 to 18 °C or 60.8 to 64.4 °F) and cool nighttime temperatures throughout the year. Many parts of Mexico, particularly the north, have a dry climate with sporadic rainfall while parts of the tropical lowlands in the south average more than 2,000 mm (78.7 in) of annual precipitation. For example, many cities in the north like Monterrey, Hermosillo, andMexicali experience temperatures of 40 °C (104 °F) or more in summer. In the Sonoran Desert temperatures reach 50 °C (122 °F) or more. In 2012, Mexico passed a comprehensive climate change bill, a first in the developing world that has set a goal for the country to generate 35% of its energy from clean energy sources by 2024, and to cut emissions by 50% by 2050, from the level found in 2000
The country has the largest Spanish-speaking population in the world with almost a third of all Spanish native speakers. Mexico is home to a large number of indigenous languages, spoken by some 5.4% of the population – 1.2% of the population are monolingual speakers of an indigenous language. The indigenous languages with most speakers are Nahuatl, spoken by approximately 1.45 million people, Yukatek Maya spoken by some 750,000 people and the Mixtec and Zapotec languageseach spoken by more than 400,000 people.
The recently conducted 2010 Census showed a population of 112,336,538, making it the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. Between 2005 and 2010, the Mexican population grew at an average of 1.70% per year, up from 1.16% per year between 2000 and 2005.
The 2010 census by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (National Institute of Statistics and Geography) gave Roman Catholicism as the main religion, with 83% of the population, while 10% (10,924,103) belong to other Christian denominations, including Evangelicals (5%); Pentecostals (1.6%); other Protestant or Reformed (0.7%); Jehovah's Witnesses (1.4%); Seventh-day Adventists (0.6%); and members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (0.3%). 172,891 (or less than 0.2% of the total) belonged to other, non-Christian religions; 4.7% declared having no religion; 2.7% were unspecified. The 92,924,489Catholics of Mexico constitute in absolute terms the second largest Catholic community in the world, after Brazil's. 47% percent of them attend church services weekly. The feast day of Our Lady of Guadalupe, the patron saint of Mexico, is celebrated on December 12 and is regarded by many Mexicans as the most important religious holiday of their country.
Mexican cuisine is known for its intense and varied flavors, colorful decoration, and variety of spices. Most of today's Mexican food is based on pre-Columbian traditions, including Aztec and Maya, combined with culinary trends introduced by Spanish colonists.
The conquistadores eventually combined their imported diet of rice, beef, pork, chicken, wine, garlic and onions with the native pre-Columbian food, including maize, tomato, vanilla, avocado, guava, papaya, pineapple, chili pepper, beans, squash, sweet potato, peanut, and turkey.
Mexican food varies by region, because of local climate and geography and ethnic differences among the indigenous inhabitants and because these different populations were influenced by the Spaniards in varying degrees. The north of Mexico is known for its beef, goat and ostrich production and meat dishes, in particular the well-known Arrachera cut.Central Mexico's cuisine is largely made up of influences from the rest of the country, but also has its authentics, such as barbacoa,pozole, menudo, tamales, and carnitas.
is a popular Mexican dish consisting of grilled beef topped with chopped bacon, bell peppers, onions, cheese, salsa and avocado. It is usually served with freshly made corn or flour tortillas. The most common ingredient is beef, and other kinds of meat such as chicken or pork are also used. Some recipes even substitute chopped ham or chorizo instead of the bacon. Alambres are popular in many parts of Mexico, especially in Mexico City, Oaxaca, and among Mexican-American populations across the United States.
(rice with chicken) is a traditional dish of Spain and Latin America. In the Dominican Republic it is called locrio de pollo, and Saint Martin where it is called lokri or locreo. Arroz con pollo is a variant of Spanish paella and is made only with chicken, as opposed to paella which usually consists of seafood, chicken and chorizo. Some variations of arroz con pollo do utilize chorizo as well. .
A meatball is ground or minced meat rolled into a small ball, sometimes along with other ingredients, such as breadcrumbs, minced onion, eggs, and seasonings. Meatballs are cooked by frying, baking, steaming, or braising in sauce. There are many types of meatball using different types of meats and spices. The term is sometimes extended to meatless versions based on vegetables or fish.
is a form of cooking meat that originated in the Caribbean with the Taíno people, from which the term “barbecue” derives. In contemporary Mexico, it generally refers to meats or whole sheep slow-cooked over an open fire, or more traditionally, in a hole dug in the ground covered with maguey leaves, although the interpretation is loose, and in the present day (and in some cases) may refer to meat steamed until tender
is a Mexican dish from the state of Jalisco. The dish is a spicy stew, traditionally made fromgoat meat or mutton, but occasionally from beef or chicken. The dish is often served as celebratory occasions, such as weddings and baptisms, and holidays, such as Christmas and Easter. It is also reputed as a hangover remedy. Preparation techniques vary, but the dish is often served with corn tortillas, onion, and lime. Traditionally, the meat is marinade in adobo spices.
They are the most comfortable and most economical means to travel between Mexican destinations. Business class is the lowest priced; it offers an onboard bathroom, television and reclining seats. First class offers spacious reclining seats, television, air conditioning, serves drinks and even snacks.
Currently, only one passenger train operates in the country: El Chepe. This is the ideal tour to visit the majestic Barrancas del Cobre, as well as the small towns and cities located on the mountains. To find out about the points of departure and timetables.
Experience a dream come true when you participate in the Dolphin Royal Swim, the most exciting of all the Dolphin Discovery programs at Isla Mujeres. Meet the most sociable animals in the ocean as they greet you with a handshake and a kiss before you get in the water. Afterwards, let the dolphins take you on an exhilarating trip along the surface of the water. Join in the Fantasy Snorkel and be astounded by the manta rays and sharks as they swim right by you.The Dolphin Discovery Beach Club also welcomes you to a delicious buffet and open bar while you enjoy the beautiful Caribbean beach. Located on Isla Mujeres, just a 20 minute boat ride from Cancun, the Beach Club offers a great way to end the day before you catch the last ferry back to the mainland.
Chichen Itza is the capital of ancient Maya empire, its majestic building dates back to 435 and 455, and it is geographically located in the middle of spectacular natural environs in the Yucatan Peninsula. At this site declared as one of the 7 World Wonders, you can visit magnificent temples such as the Kukulcan Pyramid and the Ball Game as well as there are others that cannot be visited to avoid damages. The Castle or Pyramid of Kukulcan is the most impressive temple in Chichen Itza renowned for the number of tombs found there and its endless 91 steps, as well as the impeccable architecture that stands out by a stone feathered serpent. If you visit Chichen Itza on March 21st or September 21st you can admire a unique spectacle: the Equinox. Just at 3:00 p.m. the sun lights creates at the pyramid north side 7 light and shadows isosceles triangles, giving shape to the body of a slithering serpent. This effect is a symbol of the Kukulcan God descent (bird-serpent) to the earth, and also the beginning and ending agricultural cycle, according the Equinox (spring or autumn).Follow the steps into the past and discover the most important Mayan cultural center considered one of the most advanced in America.
The submarine tour is perfect for those who want to experience the underwater beauty of Cancun without getting wet. It consists of going deep into the exceptionally clear waters of the Caribbean Sea to behold the wonderful coral reef. From a safe perch, you will admire a great diversity of tropical fish, manta rays, and maybe even sharks! Don't forget to visit our list of tours.
There are outlets for waterskiing and sail boating, among other water sports, on the calm Nichupte Lagoon. The most popular activity on this beautiful lagoon is the Jungle Tour. Ride on a mini-boat for 2 persons through the jungle and then enjoy excellent snorkeling. Many beachside hotels offer water-sports centers where you can rent rubber rafts, kayaks, and motorized jets, as well as equipment for wind-surfing, parasailing, and snorkeling. Have a great time sightseeing in wonderful Cancun!
The jungle tour lets you get close to nature. As you pilot your own two-person speedboat or ride a Wave Runner, you'll discover the beauty of Nichupte Lagoon's mangroves and get to see the variety of wildlife that lives in the jungle, all while being awed by an impressive coral reef. You can experience this marvelous adventure from most marinas in Cancun.
The peaceful 4.5 mile long island of Isla Mujeres is located just off the coast of the vibrant city of Cancun. It's at the southern tip of this beautiful island that you'll find the spectacular Garrafon National Park.
The Xoximilco tour recreates one of the most deeply rooted traditions in Mexico and gives you a new way to celebrate your stay in Cancun. You’ll have the chance to tour beautiful canals and admire the sunsets in this renowned Caribbean tourist destination. You’ll board a boat decorated with motifs from the 32 Mexican states and travel through canals that are four and a half miles in length. A guide will accompany you and tell you about traditional country legends that will liven up the evening. During the ride you’ll be able to savor rich Mexican entrees and drinks as you listen to the sounds of the marimba and mariachi. If you and your companions wish, you can even accompany the musicians. Join this tour and experience a true celebration of joy and folklore!
The hotel offers a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is on site where guests can unwind with a drink. Guests can enjoy a complimentary breakfast. An Internet point is located on site and high-speed wireless Internet access is complimentary.