Greence (Europe)


Greece is a country in Southern Europe and Balkans. According to the 2011 census, Greece's population is around 11 million. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city. Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. It shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north and Turkey to the northeast. The country consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades),Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) in length, featuring a vast number of islands (approximately 1,400, of which 227 are inhabited). Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains, of which Mount Olympus is the highest, at 2,917 m (9,570 ft).

The climate of Greece is primarily Mediterranean, featuring mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. This climate occurs at all coastal locations, including Athens, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, Crete, the Peloponnese, the Ionian Islands and parts of the Central Continental Greece region. The Pindus mountain range strongly affects the climate of the country, as areas to the west of the range are considerably wetter on average (due to greater exposure to south-westerly systems bringing in moisture) than the areas lying to the east of the range (due to a rain shadow effect). The mountainous areas of Northwestern Greece (parts of Epirus, Central Greece, Thessaly, Western Macedonia) as well as in the mountainous central parts of Peloponnese – including parts of the regional units of Achaea, Arcadia and Laconia – feature an Alpine climate with heavy snowfalls. The inland parts of northern Greece, in Central Macedonia and East Macedonia and Thrace feature a temperate climate with cold, damp winters and hot, dry summers with frequent thunderstorms. Snowfalls occur every year in the mountains and northern areas, and brief snowfalls are not unknown even in low-lying southern areas, such as Athens.

The first textual evidence of the Greek language dates back to 15th century BC and theLinear B script which is associated with the Mycenaean Civilization. Greek was a widely spoken lingua franca in the Mediterranean world and beyond during Classical Antiquity, and would eventually become the official parlance of the Byzantine Empire. During the 19th and 20th centuries there was a major dispute known as the Greek language question, on whether the official language of Greece should be the archaic Katharevousa, created in the 19th century and used as the state and scholarly language, or the Dimotiki, the form of the Greek language which evolved naturally from Byzantine Greek and was the language of the people. The dispute was finally resolved in 1976, when Dimotiki was made the only official variation of the Greek language, and Katharevousa fell to disuse. Greece is today relatively homogeneous in linguistic terms, with a large majority of the native population using Greek as their first or only language. Among the Greek-speaking population, speakers of the distinctive Pontic dialect came to Greece from Asia Minor after the Greek genocide and constitute a sizable group

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Greece, including ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. The Demographics of Greece refer to the demography of the population that inhabits the Greek peninsula. The population of Greece was calculated as 10,816,286 in the 2011 census.

The Greek Constitution recognizes Eastern Orthodoxy as the "prevailing" faith of the country, while guaranteeing freedom of religious belief for all. The Greek government does not keep statistics on religious groups and censuses do not ask for religious affiliation. According to the U.S. State Department, an estimated 97% of Greek citizens identify themselves as Eastern Orthodox, belonging to the Greek Orthodox Church

Greek cuisine is characteristic of the healthy Mediterranean diet, which is epitomized by dishes of Crete.] Greek cuisine incorporates fresh ingredients into a variety of local dishes such as moussaka, stifado, Greek salad, fasolada, spanakopita and souvlaki. Some dishes can be traced back to ancient Greece like skordalia (a thick purée of walnuts, almonds, crushed garlic and olive oil), lentil soup, retsina (white or rosé wine sealed with pine resin) and pasteli (candy bar with sesame seeds baked with honey). Throughout Greece people often enjoy eating from small dishes such as meze with various dips such as tzatziki, grilled octopus and small fish, feta cheese, dolmades (rice, currants and pine kernels wrapped in vine leaves), various pulses, olives and cheese. Olive oil is added to almost every dish. Sweet desserts such as galaktoboureko, and drinks such as ouzo, metaxa and a variety of wines including retsina. Greek cuisine differs widely from different parts of the mainland and from island to island. It uses some flavorings more often than other Mediterranean cuisines: oregano,mint, garlic, onion, dill and bay laurel leaves. Other common herbs and spices include basil, thyme and fennel seed. Many Greek recipes, especially in the northern parts of the country, use "sweet" spices in combination with meat, for example cinnamon and cloves in stews.

Transport in Greece has undergone significant changes in the past two decades, vastly modernizing the country's infrastructure. Although ferry transport between islands remains the prominent method of transport between the nation's islands, improvements to the road infrastructure, rail, urban transport, and airports have all led to a vast improvement in transportation. These upgrades have played a key role in supporting Greece's economy, which in the past decade has come to rely heavily on the construction industry.
Rail transport:
Athens Metro
Cities with a rapid transit railway network:
Athens - Athens Metro (3 lines)
Thessaloniki - Thessaloniki Metro (1 & 2 lines) (under construction)
Athens Tram
Athens Tram
The 80 km system consists of three coastal canals including the Corinth Canal (6 km) and three unconnected rivers. The Corinth Canal crosses the Isthmus of Corinth, connecting the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf; and shortens the sea voyage from the Adriatic toPiraeus by 325 km.

  1. CAPE SOUNIO evening tour :
  2. In this afternoon tour we leave Athens for a wonderful drive along the scenic coastal road which affords a splendid view of the Saronic Gulf. Passing through some Athens most beautiful elegant suburbs like Glyfada, Vouliagmeni, Varkiza arriving to the divine nature of the Cape where the Greeks from the Ancient times up to now still come and pay homemade.
    The guide will introduce us the Temple of Poseidon and its original Doric columns still standing on the cliff of Cape Sounion (3000 years). See the graffiti carved by the hand of the known Lord Byron - an English poet and a leading figure in Romanticism, who died in Greece and whom modern Greeks consider as one of their heroes of the War of Independence - in the early 1800s on one of these columns.

  3. The Acropolis Museum :
  4. The Acropolis Museum (Greek: Μουσείο Ακρόπολης, Mouseio Akropolis) is an archaeological museum focused on the findings of the archaeological site of the Acropolis of Athens. The museum was built to house every artifact found on the rock and on its feet, from the Greek Bronze Age to Roman and Byzantine Greece. It also lies on the archaeological site of Makrygianni and the ruins of a part of Roman and early Byzantine Athens.
    The museum was founded in 2003, while the Organization of the Museum was established in 2008. It opened to the public on June 20, 2009.[1] Nearly 4,000 objects are exhibited over an area of 14,000 square meters. The Organization for the Construction of the new museum is chaired by Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Professor Emeritus of Archaeology, Dimitrios Pandermalis.

  5. The Village of Arachova :
  6. On the north slopes of Mount Parnassus a small town of 800 inhabitants, Arachova, is located. 8km away from Delphi 157 km from Athens, 25 km from Parnassus (Parnassos) ski centres and about 25km from beautiful beaches Antikira, Itea, and Galaxidi, Arahova is a resort for all seasons of the year and for all types of travellers.
    The first time Arahova was referred to is in Homer's Iliad, but as we know it today, Arahova was built by King Philip II of Macedonia in 334 BC. In the Christian ages Saint George killed a Dragon to leave the water running free for the people of this village.
    Today many choose as Arahova as their vacation destination for different reasons; for the natural landscape where it is located with the rich fauna and flora, for the Easter festival called “Panygiraki” and all the traditions connected to it, for cool vacation in the summer accompanied with mountain hiking activities, or for skiing in the winter and partying in its chic & trendy clubs during the winter period.

  7. The Village of Delphi :
  8. Delphi with a population of 1,500, is one of the most beautiful and impressing landscapes of Greece, and the centre -"o m p h a l o s "- of the world, according to the ancient myth. It was already inhabited in the prehistoric times and later -especially during the classic times- obtained great historic importance, as it has been linked with the most significant events of Greek history. Apollo, the God of catharsis and the genuine oracle, dominated earlier forms of worship in the Delphi. The Municipality of Delphi, which was create in honour of the ancient city and its glory, now includes also: C h r i s s o , which was named after the ancient town of "Krisa", built, according to Homer- in the 14th or 15th BC. Traces of ruins of the walls.

04 Star

  1. Chic Hotel Athens.
  2. Novotel Athens Hotel.
  3. Best Western Ilisia Hotel.
  4. 05 Star
  5. Airotel Stratos Vasillikos Hotel.
  6. Athenian callirhoe exclusive hotel.
  7. Divani Palace Acropolis Hotel.
  8. Royal Olympic Hotel.


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